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The Sheriff’s Office is the oldest law enforcement agency in Montgomery County, Maryland having been established in July of 1777.  The Maryland Constitution provides that the Sheriff be elected every four years and the Office comes under the Judicial Branch of Government.  The Sheriff is therefore a State Constitutional Officer who functions autonomously from the Legislative and Executive branches of government.

The Sheriff's Office is first Sheriff's Office in the State of Maryland to be accredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies. The Sheriff's Office received its initial accreditation in November of 1995 and underwent successful on site re-evaluations in 2000, 2003, and 2006, 2009 and most recently in 2012. In order to receive and maintain accreditation, the Sheriff's Office has to demonstrate voluntarily that they meet over 4 6 0 professionally recognized standards for excellence in management and service delivery.